Book of Mormon Midterm

June 23, 2012 | 20 comments
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We’ve arrived in early Alma, and so, as I did for my BYU New Testament class I taught, I provide here some questions taken from the midterms and finals of the two Book of Mormon classes I taught in 2004 and 2006. Both sections covered 1 Nephi-Alma 29, but one was a freshman section and one an RM section. These exams were open-scripture, but as with the New Testament exam, open scripture certainly did not equate to easy. I wanted to test if students were reading, thinking, and able to make use of the critical-thinking and other skills we were learning in class and homework assignments. Sometimes I just wanted to see if students could read closely and think coherently. How do YOU do on these?

1) Nephi says several times that knowing “the things of the Jews” can help us understand Isaiah. Similarly, the “things of the Jews” can help us understand the Book of Mormon. Briefly explain two specific examples of “things of the Jews” that help us understand either Isaiah or the Book of Mormon. (4 pts.) [My point system and weighting varied from class to class and exam to exam, based on the size and such. I just haven't removed all these in copying over the questions.]

2 a) How do we know that when Jacob and Joseph were ordained “priests and teachers” they were not being ordained to our Latter-day priesthood offices of priest and teacher?

2 b) Why then are they called teachers? (Handout, discussed in class. 4 pts.)

3) Explain two principles or reasons we can allow and account for the scriptures to contain errors. (Discussed in class several times, from several perspectives. 4 pts.)

4) Nephi says that we are “saved by grace after all that we can do.” What else does the Book of Mormon say that clarifies what this means? (class discussion, 3 pts.)

5) The 1830 edition of the Book of Mormon differs significantly from our 1981 version in its arrangement. Indicate which things were part of the 1830 edition (and thus presumably on the plates themselves) by crossing out those things that were not in the 1830 edition. Example- The topical guide (3 pts.)

a) Our current chapter divisions.
b) Chapter headings under the chapter number (for example, under “Chapter 1-Nephi begins the record…”)
c) Chapter headings above the chapter number (above Alma 17, for example, excluding the phrase “comprising chapters….”)
d) Verse divisions.
e) Footnotes.
f) Book headings (“An account of Lehi and his wife Sariah, and his four sons… ”)

6) Generally speaking, who was responsible for the spelling, punctuation, and capitalization of the 1830 edition of the Book of Mormon? (1 pt.)

a) God, who wrote the whole thing.
b) Joseph Smith.
c) The printer Egbert B. Grandin and his assistants. [ Egbert's parents weren't terribly kind with that name. I supposed he could have gone by his middle name, Bratt. Lose-lose.]
d) Obadiah Dogberry
e) Oliver Cowdery

7) Joseph Smith translated the Book of Mormon by means of:

a) The spirit and power of God.
b) The Nephite “interpreters” (Mosiah 8:13).
c) The seer stone.
d) No physical instrument at all.
e) All of the above.
f) None of the above.
g) A-C of the above.

8) The New Testament tells us to “earnestly contend for the faith” (Jude 1:3) while the Book of Mormon tells us that “he that hath the spirit of contention is not of [God], but is of the devil, who is the father of contention, and he stirreth up the hearts of men to contend with anger, one with another.” (3 Nephi 11:29) How would you resolve this apparent contradiction? (Class discussion, handout, assignment. 4 pts.)

[I kid you not, I once had this pointed out to me as one of the stronger contradictions between the Bible and the Book of Mormon, thereby proving the Book of Mormon false. I asked this as the alternate, on a different exam. "The Book of Mormon mentions “wonderful contentions” (Alma 2:5). Explain what specific steps you would take to find out what is probably meant by this phrase, and make a suggestion as to its meaning."]

9) Discuss both the original historical context and secondary fulfillment of 2 Nephi 17 (Isaiah 7), using names and dates where possible. Use the back if necessary. (Handout, discussed in class, reading assignment. 6 pts.)

For the following three questions, do not use your scriptures, and don’t revise your answer after using your scriptures on the other questions.

10) Who is Amulon? (2 points)

11) Who is Sherem? (2 points)

12) Extra Credit question: Six women in the Book of Mormon are mentioned by name (i.e. “daughter of Jared” doesn’t count.) Without using your scriptures at all, name the four other than Sariah and Eve. (1/2 pt each)

13)

14) Does the Book of Mormon contain democratic elections with each person voting? Briefly explain your answer. (3 pts)

15) I am receiving money to teach the Gospel. LDS apostles also receive money for preaching the gospel. Given Nephi’s definition of priestcraft in 2 Nephi 26:29 ["priestcrafts are that men preach and set themselves up for a light unto the world, that they may get gain and praise of the world; but they seek not the welfare of Zion."], how do you judge if someone is practicing priestcraft? On what basis do you know *I* am not practicing priestcraft? (class discussion, 3 pts)

16) What is epistemology? (Secondary reading, class discussion. 2 pts)

17)People of Alma vs. people of Zeniff. If there is no explicit doctrine in these passages except for that preached by Abinadi, why does Mormon take up valuable plate space to tell us these two stories? In other words, what purpose does Mormon have in relating them to us and what does he want us to get out of them? (class discussion, 4 pts) [Alternate phrasing- "How are the stories of the deliverance of Limhi’s people and Alma’s people similar and different? What purpose can these stories serve if the only “doctrine” in these chapters is in Abinadi’s speech to the wicked priests?"]

Answers to Part 1

 

18) On the back of this paper, provide a brief outline of 2 Nephi.

19) Who took a transliteration of Book of Mormon characters to see Charles Anthon?

20) Who helped Joseph translate early on, and switched a rock for the seer stone when Joseph wasn’t looking, to test him?

21) Who “borrowed” the 116 first pages and consequently lost them?

22) Who mortgaged (and then mostly lost) his home and farm for $3,000 to pay for the publication of the Book of Mormon?

23) Relative to when Lehi and his family left Jerusalem, when did Nephi begin to write the large plates? The small plates? If God wanted a record kept, why didn’t he command Nephi to start writing immediately when they left?

24) Briefly explain the context (Israelite history, political/religious setting, etc.) of 1st Nephi 1. In other words, give the Near Eastern historical background of the Book of Mormon, using names and dates, as specifically as you can.

25) What three things did Nephi do that resulted in his vision? How do Nephi’s vision and Lehi’s dream differ? Are those differences significant? Why or why not?

26) Context is the source we should look for if we want to understand the cause-and- effect of events and discourses in the scriptures. Joseph Smith said “I have a key by which I understand the scriptures. I enquire, what was the question which drew out the answer… To ascertain [a parable’s] meaning, we must dig up the root and ascertain what it was that drew the saying out of Jesus.” TPJS, 253.

a)What triggers Jacob recounting the Allegory of the olive tree? Is it just spontaneous, or is he trying to answer a specific question or need? If so, what is it? (3 points)

Answers to Part 2

b) What two specific things probably influence Mosiah’s decision to change the government from Kingship to a judge system? (4)

27) Joseph Smith, responding to the question “What are the fundamental principles of your religion,” replied, “The fundamental principles of our religion are the testimony of the apostles and prophets, concerning Jesus Christ, that he died, was buried, and rose again the third day, and ascended into heaven; and all other things which pertain to our religion are only appendages to it.” (TPJS, 272) In the Book of Mormon, we find two compact yet fairly complete historical summaries of Jesus’ life and mission. Where are they located (2 points each), and what are their major points? (3)

28) What is a prophet? (2) What is a seer? (2) Does “prophet” = President of the Church? Why or why not? (3)

29) We’ve talked in class of inerrancy. Here are several brief quotes from letters to the editor of Biblical Archaeology Review. “The Bible is the Word of God, infallible and inerrant. That means, it cannot be wrong!” “The Bible claims to be God’s word. The Book of Joshua is written as an historical account….if the account of Ai [in Joshua 7-8] is not just as the Bible says it was, then the writer of the Book of Joshua was misleading, deceptive and void of any inspiration from God.” “Archaeology cannot claim inerrancy and infallibility for itself. Therefore, when there is any doubt, or difficulty, it is with archaeology, not with the Bible. Many years ago, I was told that if there was something I didn’t understand in the Bible, or something I didn’t agree with, the problem was with me, not with the Bible. I thought that was good advice at the time, and I still believe it is. God says it, that settles it, I believe it!” Do the scriptures or their authors claim inerrancy? (cite references for or against, if you can. 3 points)

30) Mosiah 21:28 originally read “Benjamin” for “Mosiah.” However, King Benjamin should be well dead by this time. Orson Scott Card argues that the people of Zarahemla did not come from the Near East, but that Zarahemla, following Mesoamerican tradition, created his fictional Jerusalem ancestors so that he, Zarahemla, could be king. [Link to that paper and the use to which I put it in class here.]

(a) Assuming for the sake of this question that Card is correct, how do those two things affect the historicity of the Book of Mormon?

(b) If some accounts in the Book of Mormon turn out to be “not just as the [Book of Mormon] says it was, then” was “the writer of the [Book of Mormon...] misleading, deceptive and void of any inspiration from God”?

(c) How much can be historically inaccurate before we start running into problems? Discuss these three questions, in light of the quotations above and LDS teachings on historicity and inerrancy. (9)

31) How do notions of inerrancy affect our LDS perceptions of “doctrine” and “prophets”? (3) Put specifically, Abinadi’s speech in Mosiah 15:1-5 is difficult (but not impossible) to square with our understanding of the Godhead. Is it possible that Abinadi simply had a lesser understanding than we do today? If so, why, and if not, why not? (3) (This is a question about assumptions.) According to Robert Millet and President Reuben J. Clark, is everything any General Authority or scriptural figure ever says automatically Church Doctrine? Why not? (3) How do we know if someone has been inspired in their comments, according to President Clark? (2) Slightly broader, what epistemological systems (from Elder Lund’s article) do we use when evaluating if something is either true or doctrinal or both? (4)

32) How does Mormon’s perspective affect his editing of the Book of Mormon? (3) How does our perspective affect our reading of it and our other scriptures? (3)

Extra credit [Generally not worth very many points, and drawn from readings or class discussion, but a level of detail or importance beyond what I reasonably expected students to remember.]

What does the Greek word translated as “gospel” in the New Testament mean? (1 pt)

What church in particular is NOT the Church of the Devil? (1 pt)

What was the topic of Elder Holland’s MA thesis at BYU?

Laman and Lemuel had historical precedent for believing that Jerusalem could not be destroyed. Explain what it was, and cite references, if possible.

In the assigned reading on Gospel scholarship, John Welch ["Towards Becoming a Gospel Scholar" ] listed several resources and journals that a “gospel scholar” should use regularly. Name 4 (excluding the Ensign.)

What is the Hebrew equivalent of “Jesus the Christ” and what do they mean in Hebrew?

Name the Babylonian king who sacked Jerusalem after Lehi and his family left.

What was one major difference between the Assyrian conquest of Israel and Babylonian conquest of Judah? (Hint: The difference results in a new group of people.)

What was Elder James E. Talmage by profession?

The Book of Mormon uses the terms Lamanite/Nephite in various ways OTHER than strict genealogical descent or lineage. What are some of them? Cite references where possible (2 points each).

How does Abinadi’s preaching eventually cause the conflict in the “War Chapters” of Alma?

What does Jershon probably mean in Hebrew, and why is that significant? (3)

Have you done any good in the world today? Explain. (3)

Answers to Final Part

20 Responses to Book of Mormon Midterm

  1. EmiG on June 23, 2012 at 2:24 pm

    Re: #12. I’m stumped. I’ve always thought there were only 5 women named in the Book of Mormon: Mary, Eve, Sariah, Isabel and Abish. Who am I missing??

  2. Ben S on June 23, 2012 at 2:27 pm

    2 Nephi 8:2, Sarah Abraham’s wife. It’s part of the Isaiah chapters, but she’s still in there.

  3. EmiG on June 23, 2012 at 2:30 pm

    Excellent – thank you!

  4. Ardis E. Parshall on June 23, 2012 at 2:32 pm

    “The Book of Mormon — now with 20% more named women!” :)

    Great quiz — I’m not confessing which ones, but you’ve sent me to the books to answer {mumble mumble} of them that I don’t know off the top of my head.

  5. Ben S. on June 23, 2012 at 2:42 pm

    No shame Ardis. It can be none other than #s 19-22, and the answer to each one is Martin Harris. Put the books down.

    More seriously and to all, should I actually post answers and references, particularly since some of these come from handouts or required secondary readings? Update the post in a few days? I have not located my answer sheets, so I can’t simply post those.

  6. ECW on June 23, 2012 at 2:54 pm

    #5 Yes please!

  7. Sam Brunson on June 23, 2012 at 4:26 pm

    Great test! How long did your students have to complete it? And did they?

  8. Ardis E. Parshall on June 23, 2012 at 4:38 pm

    I’d like your answers/explanations at some point, and think it would work best if they were posted as a separate post, with of course links between the two posts. Updating this one could have the effect of not giving latecoming readers a chance to work through these on their own, and earlier readers might not remember to check back. A new post puts us all on notice of additional discussion, and might draw some good comments on any answers that raised more questions.

    Whatever you decide to do, you’re still driving me to the books!

  9. Ben S. on June 23, 2012 at 4:52 pm

    With one department-mandated exception, I have given these as take-home exams, provided it was scripture-only and all in one sitting, based on good faith in my students and on the basis that it’s difficult to cheat well on higher-point questions involving long answers and thought. I polled students after one, and most were 2-3 hours, with the high going to 5 hours.

    I didn’t get any complaints, which surprised me, given the length. Most students seemed to appreciate a test that wasn’t based on rote regurgitation. I usually had about 30 students, and spent about 9 hours correcting for one class. If I had 5 sections of 35, there’s no way I could maintain it. The good-will, effort, and youthful naivete don’t scale well (grin).
    Ardis and ECW, I’ll put up a new post with answers sometime around a week or so from now. Thanks for the input.

  10. anita on June 23, 2012 at 4:59 pm

    great test! wish everyone took their scripture teaching to that level. i too would love to see the answers.

  11. Tim on June 23, 2012 at 6:12 pm

    “What was Elder James E. Talmage by profession?”

    I’m curious as to the content of the class discussion that prompted that tidbit of information.

  12. Ben S. on June 23, 2012 at 8:03 pm

    Tim, I don’t recall. But since I made it an EC question, it must have been trivial and tangential. I’m pretty sure I did not introduce Talmage’s continuous debate with JFS over death before the fall (in connection to 2 Nephi 2.) Talmage triumphantly discussed seeing fossils in the supposed Adamic altar in Missouri, which proved that there had been death before Adam. See http://signaturebookslibrary.org/?p=7109

  13. Ben Johnson on June 23, 2012 at 11:08 pm

    Please post the answers, though your test has given me good reading material for church tomorrow :)

  14. Sarah Familia on June 24, 2012 at 5:29 am

    I wish I’d had a religion professor like you when I was at BYU.

  15. Sam Brunson on June 24, 2012 at 12:45 pm

    Ditto Sarah. I had one memorable Religion professor (Porter, I think). I would have loved something substantive like this.

  16. Benjamin K. on June 24, 2012 at 3:09 pm

    This was fascinating! Are the handouts you referred to in the post for your Book of Mormon and New Testament classes (and any others you’ve taught) available online anywhere? The “critical thinking” packet was excellent. I’d love to be able to study the other handouts. Please let me know if these are available anywhere!

  17. Ben S. on June 24, 2012 at 7:30 pm

    Sarah and Sam, you are kind.
    Benjamin, I often post my handouts (and have a few to include in the Answers to the Midterm post), but you’d have to go back and look at my previous posts here at T&S, at Patheos (where I did some Old Testament podcasts which I believe are still on iTunes, with transcripts and notes available at the Patheos link, all called “Gospel Doctrine Podcast”). I’ve also blogged at some other places, but don’t think I ever posted handouts.
    I suspect I need to simply get my own domain, so I can have everything in one spot. I used to have one where I posted my Institute materials, back before the Church really got their online act together. I was asked to take it down, presumably because when one googled for the Institute manual, you got my personal site instead of the CES page.

  18. Kimbooly on June 26, 2012 at 10:06 am

    My BIL is Ben K, who linked me here, and I am just as fascinated. I remember reading a book called “Misquoting Jesus” several years ago, and how it opened my eyes to understanding various reasons why the Bible is quite errant, from simple mistakes of illiterate scribes, to purposeful but well-meaning changes written in by apologists, not to mention the purposeful and ill-intended changes written in that we are warned about in Nephi.

    So when I later learned that the original BoM had thousands of errors, and when I hear questions about things like why the word “Adieu” would be in the BoM, it is easier for me to understand the errancy of man involved in helping the work of God along. And understanding that God allows errancy, which is the point that many people can’t get past.

    I am dying to take this class now. Can I just drag my four little boys along with me? My two oldest (11 & 13) may very well get something out of it, too! What? No? They would be too much of a distraction to the rest of the class with their adorable interruptions?

    Then I gladly await your link, and will try to work through some of the questions before then. You did get me to actually look up Mosiah 15:1-5 on the first read-through. I am very curious to know what you taught your students about this (i.e. what your conjecture is).

    I sometimes go to the FAIR website, curious to see their take on some things.

    Thanks for posting this! Glad to hear you’re teaching at BYU. Sounds very helpful to give students a foundation against a lot of stuff they’ll hear from people throughout life that could undermine their testimony if they just focused on what seemed to be “proofs” against the legitimacy of the BoM.

  19. Ben S. on June 26, 2012 at 1:19 pm

    Thanks for the comment Kimbooly. Alas, I only taught at BYU for a few summers while pursuing my PhD (which I did not receive). Since I’m no longer in academia, the likelihood of me taking up residence in the RelEd department is infinitesimally small. I think of the LDS blogs (and occasional Institute section) as my classroom :)

    Man LDS unconsciously absorb inerrantist ideas, I think, so I hammered on it a bit with my RM class. I substituted other questions for my Freshman class, since they didn’t seem ready for that kind of depth. We are definitely not inerrantists, but it’s not always obvious. I’m not opposed to errors of one kind or another in scripture, but I tend to think adieu doesn’t fall into that category. It’s been English since the 1500′s (useful FAIRWiki link). While there are a few obvious ones (such as the Mosiah/Benjamin issue above), most of those thousands of errors fall into the categories of copying errors, spelling, grammar, etc. I’m fond of BH Roberts discussion of this.

    I suppose if the Lord had revealed the existence of the Book of Mormon to a man who had a perfect knowledge of the English language, a grammarian, and perfect in literary attainments, then no doubt we would have had a translation of the Book of Mormon without fault or blemish so far as the grammar is concerned; but it pleased God in his wisdom to appoint that mission to one who was not learned in the English language, whose use of the English language was ungrammatical, through failing of opportunity to obtain the necessary instruction in his youthful days, and consequently we find errors in grammar in the translation of the Book of Mormon, such as this: “Whoredoms is an abomination to the Lord.” Marvelous, is it not?”

    Roberts, Defense of the Faith and the Saints, Vol. 1:part 3, IV.

  20. Brandon Lott on July 16, 2012 at 3:22 pm

    This is great, If you would like a free Copy of the The Book of Mormon Click on this link. Thank you

WELCOME

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